University of South Florida St. Petersburg Campus

Weekly Challenger African American Digital Newspaper Archive Research Guide

St. Petersburg African American History Resources

IN ADDITION TO WEEKLY CHALLENGER STORIES,
THIS PAGE ALSO INCLUDES RESOURCES ABOUT LOCAL AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY.


WEEKLY CHALLENGER NEWS COVERAGE

It has been said that journalism is the first rough draft of history.
If that is true, the Weekly Challenger is writing a first draft about the history of St. Petersburg's African American community. As an example, following are links to the newspaper's coverage about local Black Lives Matter protests. 
(And here is a link to an INDEX of additional story subjects from the newspaper's USF digital ARCHIVE.)

Weekly Challenger : Website Homepage
Weekly Challenger : Older Black Lives Matter stories since 2015
Weekly Challenger stories since June 2020: 
"Local protests in St. Petersburg draw hundreds after George Floyd’s death." June 4, 2020.
"Pinellas County black-elected officials speak." June 4, 2020.
"USF St. Petersburg Regional Chancellor reaffirms core values of diversity and inclusion
in wake of George Floyd’s death."
 June 12, 2020. 
"Respect, accountability and integrity." June 12, 2020. 
"A history of policing in America." June 12, 2020. 
"St. Pete celebrates Juneteenth." June 22, 2020.
"Tale of two murals." June 22, 2020.
"Covering the protests: USF St. Petersburg alum reflects on being a photojournalist during an historic time." June 25, 2020.
"The psychological benefits of proclaiming Black Lives Matter." July 2, 2020.
"Let’s bring back the Sacred Stones." July 2, 2020.
"Then and now: USF St. Petersburg professors weigh in on historic parallels of the BLM Movement." July 9, 2020.
 "Say Something!" (“I support police body cameras.”) July 18, 2020.
"SPPD announced new response team to handle non-violent 911 calls." July 18, 2020.
"Young activists weigh in on St. Pete’s race issues." August 3, 2020. 
"Protesters ask for more intentional engagement from city leadership." August 7, 2020.
"St. Pete High students call for the ‘decolonization’ of Pinellas County curriculum." Sep. 4, 2020.
"USF task force on diversity and inclusion seeks campus-community collaboration to address racial inequities." Sep. 4, 2020.
"Mayor updates city on COVID and protests." Oct. 2, 2020.
"Out-of-town agitators confront St. Pete BLM protesters." Oct. 16, 2020.
"You said something; they did something." (Police body cam issue) Oct. 22, 2020.
"Peaceful local BLM protesters weigh in on Capitol mob." Jan. 13, 2021.
(See other general Weekly Challenger stories from 2020 and 2021.)

LOCAL AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY RESOURCES  

 


Video: "A Visual History of Civil Rights & Social Change in Pinellas County."
Foundation for a Healthy St. Petersburg, 2021. 

 

"Looking Back to Move Forward:
A History of Civil Rights and Social Change in Pinellas County
."
Foundation for a Healthy St. Petersburg, 2021.
Description:
This project "is an extension of an exhibit installed at the Center for Health Equity entitled "Building an Equity Movement." The exhibit shares stories of episodes in Pinellas County’s history when people came together to secure rights, combat injustice, and work to advance equity. The goal of the exhibit is to embrace that heritage and inspire solidarity and resolve among today’s social change makers."

 

Video: Webinar: Community Journalism: Webinar 4:  
"The Issues."

J.A. Jones, Guest Speaker; Nicole Slaughter Graham, Webinar Host.
The Weekly Challenger, Foundation for a Healthy St. Petersburg, A Four-Part Series, July 15, 2021.

 

Video: Webinar: Community Journalism: Webinar 3:  
"How to Report on a Community."

Dr. Bernardo Motta, Guest Speaker; Nicole Slaughter Graham, Webinar Host.
The Weekly Challenger, Foundation for a Healthy St. Petersburg, A Four-Part Series, June 17, 2021.

 

Video: Webinar: Community Journalism: Webinar 2:  
"Reporting on the History of a Community."

Jon Wilson, Guest Speaker; Nicole Slaughter Graham, Webinar Host.
The Weekly Challenger, Foundation for a Healthy St. Petersburg, A Four-Part Series, May 20, 2021.

 

Video: Webinar: Community Journalism: Webinar 1: “What is Community Journalism?”
Dr. Goliath Davis, Guest Speaker; Nicole Slaughter Graham, Webinar Host. 
The Weekly Challenger, Foundation for a Healthy St. Petersburg, A Four-Part Series, April 15, 2021.

 

Video: "St. Pete Stories, Askia Muhammad Aquil and Jon Wilson."
Foundation for a Healthy St. Petersburg, 2018. 

GAS PLANT NEIGHBORHOOD (TROPICANA FIELD AREA)



Weekly Challenger stories that mention the former Gas Plant neighborhood 
 

"I AM: The story of the Gas Plant Neighborhood."
By Gwendolyn Reese, The Weekly Challenger, May 13, 2021.

"City Wilds: Old wounds and big promises weigh on proposals for redevelopment of St. Pete’s Tropicana Field."
By Thomas Hallock, Creative Loafing, April 14, 2021.

Audio: "St. Petersburg Community Leaders Share Optimism And Concern For Tropicana Field Site's Future."
By Bradley George. Produced by Dinorah Prevost.
Florida Matters, WUSF Public Media, March 30, 2021.

Video: The Gas Plant Area.
City of St. Petersburg, October 2020.

Proposals for the development of the Tropicana Field site.
City of St. Petersburg, 2021.

"The Buried History of Methodist Town and the Gas Plant District."
and
"Methodist Town Project."
Department of Journalism, Neighborhood News Bureau, USF St. Petersburg campus.

"Timeline: 40 Years of Broken Promises to the Black Community Over the Trop; What We Lost & What to Watch for as Developers Present This Week."
 By Toni Gallardo, The Power Broker, April 5, 2021.

"Tropicana Field came at a cost to the Black community."
By Waveney Ann Moore, St. Pete Catalyst, February 5, 2021.

"City Wilds: Proposed plans for St. Pete’s Gas Plant site raise red flags for a neighborhood thats been wronged before."
By Thomas Hallock, Creative Loafing, August 12, 2020.

"Community, Faith, Land:
A Historical Look at St. Petersburg Black Churches from the Gas Plant Area."

By Tracy L. Darity, University of South Florida MLA project, Originally posted in 2019.

Video: "Black community fears more broken promises if Trop site is redeveloped."
WTSP-TV, July 18, 2019.

"Reimagining the Trop: A riverwalk, a convention center, a new name?"
By Caitlin Johnston, Tampa Bay Times, August 7, 2018.

"City Wilds: Gas Plant -- imagining a lost neighborhood."
By Thomas Hallock, Creative Loafing, October 19, 2017.

"Redesign of Trop focuses transformational change in St. Pete."
83 Degrees, April 4, 2017.

"Tropicana Field deal didn't pay off for all:
Group seeks benefits never realized for a razed neighborhood
."
By Nicole Hutcheson, St. Petersburg Times, November 28, 2007.

"Build a Stadium, Raze a Neighborhood:
Memories of Gas Plant haunt the Rays' latest plans
."
By Alex Pickett, Creative Loafing, November 28, 2007.

"Around the dome, echoes of the past."
By James Harper, St. Petersburg Times, March 29, 1998.

BOOK:
Vatelot, Sarah Jane. Where Have All The Mangoes Gone?:
Reactivating the Tropicana Field Site -- On the Threshold of St Petersburg’s History, Culture and Memory
.
St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Press, 2020.
(See Also:
"Community Voices: Where have all the mangoes gone?"
By Sarah Jane Vatelot, St. Pete Catalyst, August 2019, 
and the video of the 2020 book launch at the Florida Holocaust Museum
and video of 2021 Heritage Village presentation.) 

 

LYNCHING MEMORIAL -- "PINELLAS REMEMBERS: THE TRUTH OF RACIAL TERROR"
COMMUNITY REMEMBRANCE PROJECT COALITION

Pinellas County Community Remembrance Project Coalition (“Pinellas Remembers”) 
The St. Petersburg organization's mission "is to bear witness to the legacy of racial terror, epitomized by lynchings in America, in alignment with the Equal Justice Initiative."
 

Video: "Unveiling of the St. Petersburg Lynching Memorial."
Facebook, Pinellas Remembers, Feb. 23, 2021.

Video: Pinellas Remembers.
"Coalition members talk about the truth of racial terror in Pinellas County." 2021.

"History of a St. Petersburg lynching was hidden. Not anymore."
In 1914, John Evans was attacked by an angry mob and killed before a jury or judge weighed in.
By Leonora LaPeter Anton, Tampa Bay Times, Feb. 23, 2021.

"Remembrance: A panel discussion on racial terror lynchings."
By Frank Drouzas, The Weekly Challenger, Feb. 19, 2021.

Weekly Challenger stories related to the St. Petersburg / Pinellas County lynching memorial. 
"I AM John Evans."
By Gwendolyn Reese, The Weekly Challenger, July 12, 2018.
"John Evans was lynched at Ninth Street (now Dr. Martin Luther King Street) and Second Avenue South on Tuesday, November 12, 1914."
and
"I AM Parker Watson."
By Gwendolyn Reese, The Weekly Challenger, July 19, 2018.
"Parker Watson was lynched at the hands of a group of armed men wearing masks after being taken from three police officers on the evening of May 9, 1926."
"Recollections, reflections, remembrances and racial reconciliation in St. Pete – now is the time."
By Jacqueline Williams Hubbard, The Weekly Challenger, Jan. 7, 2021.
(Additional articles)

 

ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICAN LIFE AND HISTORY
(ASALH, St. Petersburg, Florida, branch)


DR. CARTER G. WOODSON AFRICAN AMERICAN MUSEUM

"Is St. Pete really that progressive? A familiar face says maybe not.
Terri Lipsey Scott is everywhere -- holding events, raising money for a $20 million African American museum. And when it comes to racial equity, she says, the city could be doing more."
By Margo Snipe, The Tampa Bay Times, Feb. 26, 2021.
 

Jordan Park Administration Building. (Woodson African American Museum Building.)
Request for listing in the St. Petersburg Register of Historic Places.
City of St. Petersburg, Planning and Development Services Department,
Urban Planning and Historic Preservation Division, May 2021.

FLORIDA HOLOCAUST MUSEUM CIVIL RIGHTS IN TAMPA BAY EXHIBIT
 

Video: "New Florida Holocaust Museum exhibit tells the story of Civil Rights Movement in Tampa Bay."
By Lila Gross, WFLA-TV, September 2019. 

Online Exhibit: “Beaches, Benches, and Boycotts: The Civil Rights Movement in Tampa Bay,” Florida Holocaust Museum, 2020.
St. Petersburg history
Tampa history
Sarasota history

Florida Holocaust Museum

ST. PETERSBURG MUSEUM OF HISTORY
 

St. Petersburg Museum of History
See Also:
Examples from Photo Archive (flickr)

THE DEUCES 

The Deuces: Additional Resources

Video: "St. Pete Black History Stories - The Deuces: 22nd Street South."
City of St. Petersburg, The African American Heritage Association, Feb. 2021.

Video: "St. Pete Black History Stories - Manhattan Casino."
City of St. Petersburg, The African American Heritage Association, March 2021.

 

Video: "Remembering the Historic Manhattan Casino in St. Petersburg."
By Chris Zuppa, Tampa Bay Times, 2011.

"Vintage St. Pete: The Royal Theatre."
By Bill DeYoung, The St. Pete Catalyst, July 27, 2021.

AFRICAN AMERICAN BURIAL GROUNDS & REMEMBERING PROJECT

 


 

"Research project to recover, engage public on lost history of Black burial grounds in Tampa Bay."
The Weekly Challenger, USF St. Petersburg campus, Dec. 23, 2020.
Excerpt:
"In Tampa Bay and across the nation, many African-American burial grounds and cemeteries have been lost to history, neglected, abandoned, even paved over and developed on. A research project funded by a University of South Florida anti-racism initiative seeks to recover and reimagine the forgotten history of these sacred places.
Consisting of faculty, staff, graduate students, and community partners from fields such as anthropology, business, English and the arts, the African American Burial Grounds & Remembering Project will identify and preserve these cemeteries in Tampa Bay."

"St. Pete’s Black burial grounds erased from history."
By Frank Drouzas, The Weekly Challenger, May 27, 2021.

"The Black Cemetery Network" website

USF Heritage Research Lab.
 

Video: "The African American Burial Grounds and Remembering Project." 
A Community Conversation with the African American Heritage Association & Tombolo Books.
Dr. Antoinette Jackson and Dr. Julie Buckner Armstrong are interviewed by Gwendolyn Reese,  May 19, 2021. 
 

Video: "Are there graves still buried on the Tropicana Field property?"
By Saundra Weathers, Bay News 9, April 20, 2021.

Video: "FDOT investigating erased veteran and Black cemeteries
under I-175 ahead of possible project."

By Emerald Morrow, WTSP-TV, May 26, 2021.

"The Lost African American Cemeteries of Tampa Bay & What’s Being Done to Remember Them."
By Drew Smith, Associate Librarian and Genealogist, June 9, 2021.
 

"USF launches website to serve as a national hub for erased Black cemeteries."
By Paul Guzzo, The Tampa Bay Times, June 16, 2021.
 

"Anti-Racism Initiative Seeks to Recover History of Black Burial Grounds."
USF Magazine, Summer 2021, pages 15-14.  

"Possible Graves Found Under Tropicana Field Parking Lot, Report Finds."
By Bradley George, WUSF, August 9, 2021.
See Also:
"Oaklawn Cemetery Ground Penetrating Radar Survey at Tropicana Field Parking Lots 1 and 2 St Petersburg, Florida."
Cardno, July 19, 2021. Draft.
 

"Graves were found under Tropicana Field parking lots. Now what?"
By Paul Guzzo, Tampa Bay Times, August 10, 2021.
 

Video: "Radar identifies three possible graves under Tropicana Field parking lots."
By Briona Arradondo, FOX 13 News, August 11, 2021.
 

Audio: "Tampa Bay-Based Project Continues The Work Of Highlighting Unearthed Cemeteries."
By Bradley George. Produced by Dinorah Prevost.
Florida Matters, WUSF Public Media, September 14, 2021.
 

"When Black History Is Unearthed, Who Gets to Speak for the Dead?
Efforts to rescue African American burial grounds and remains have exposed deep conflicts over inheritance and representation."
By Jill Lepore, The New Yorker, September 27, 2021.

 

OLIVE B. McLIN COMMUNITY HISTORY PROJECT

Olive B. McLin Community History Project. 
USF St. Petersburg campus, Circa 1999.
(Archived version from the Internet Archive)

ADDITIONAL VIDEOS & ONLINE EXHIBITS

"Community, Faith, Land:
A Historical Look at St. Petersburg Black Churches from the Gas Plant Area."

By Tracy L. Darity, University of South Florida MLA project, Originally posted in 2019.

Video: "An Oral History With Omali Yeshitela."
The Samuel Proctor Oral History Program, University of Florida, January 23, 2020.
 

Civil Rights: Racial Segregation and Protests Along Pinellas Gulf Beaches, 1940-1980.
Gulf Beaches project, USF Honors program, 2020.

Video: St. Petersburg Virtual Martin Luther King Jr. Day Parade.
Hosted by Advantage Village Academy and the City of St. Petersburg, Florida, January 2021.

Online Exhibit: “Beaches, Benches, and Boycotts: The Civil Rights Movement in Tampa Bay,”
Florida Holocaust Museum, 2020.
St. Petersburg history
Tampa history
Sarasota history

RELATED RESOURCES



"I AM 400 banner brings celebration of Black history to campus."
The Weekly Challenger, University of South Florida St. Petersburg campus, May 27, 2021.

"Aug. 28 Is A Significant Day In Black History. Here's How To Recognize It Across Tampa Bay."
By Daylina Miller, WUSF, August 27, 2021.

USF ST. PETERSBURG CAMPUS NEIGHBORHOOD NEWS BUREAU

USF ST. PETERBURG CAMPUS LIBRARY'S WEBSITE

OLDER TAMPA BAY TIMES ARTICLES / VIDEOS

"History of a St. Petersburg lynching was hidden. Not anymore."
By Leonora LaPeter Anton, Tampa Bay Times, February 23, 2021.

"Meet the Black Floridians behind these Tampa Bay landmarks.
They brought change around Florida. Now their names are on streets and landmarks around Tampa Bay."
By Gabrielle Calise, The Tampa Bay Times, Feb. 24, 2021.

BOOKS AND UNPUBLISHED THESES, DISSERTATIONS
 
Norfolk: Donning Co., 1988.
 
Bortolus, Jennifer Inge. “Fighting for Others: Peggy M. Peterman’s 31 Years at the St. Petersburg Times.”
M.A. Thesis, University of South Florida, 2000.

 
Boston, Archie. Lil' Colored Rascals in the Sunshine City.
Los Angeles: Archie Boston Graphic Design, 2009.

 
Davis, Enoch D. On the Bethel Trail.
St. Petersburg: Valkyrie Press, 1979.

 
Henig, Adam. Forward by Ralph Wimbish Jr.  
Baseball Under Siege: The Yankees, the Cardinals, and a Doctor's Battle to Integrate Spring Training.
CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2017.

 
Jackson, Leon. Urban Buffalo Soldiers: The Story of St. Petersburg's Courageous Twelve.
Ragnarok Group, 2020. 

 
Jones, Peyton L., "Struggle In The Sunshine City: The Movement For Racial Equality In St. Petersburg Florida 1955-1968."  
M.A. Thesis, University of South Florida St. Petersburg, 2010.

Lineberger, Anna Maria, Dyllan Furness and Kelly Kennedy, eds. Faculty Advisor, Thomas Hallock.
Voices of Booker Creek.
St. Petersburg: University of South Florida, Tampa Bay Writers Network, 2020.

 
Peck, Rosalie and Jon Wilson. St. Petersburg's Historic 22nd Street South.
Charleston, SC: History Press, 2006.

----. St. Petersburg's Historic African American Neighborhoods: Community, Culture, and Connection.
Charleston, SC: History Press, 2008.   
 
Phillips, Evelyn Newman.
"An Ethnohistorical Analysis of the Political Economy of Ethnicity Among African Americans in St. Petersburg, Florida."
PhD dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida, 1994.

 
Rooks, Sandra W. St. Petersburg Florida. Black America Series.
Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2003.

Sonnenberg, Michelle and Hannah Gorski and Alison Hardage, eds. Faculty Advisor, Thomas Hallock.
Salt Creek Journal. Nature, Community and Place in South St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg: University of South Florida, Tampa Bay Writers Network, 2017.

 
Steele, Carol S. The Effect of Baseball's Arrival on an African American Community: A Study of Contested Terrain.
Dissertation, The Fielding Institute, 2000.
 
Vatelot, Sarah Jane. Where Have All The Mangoes Gone?:
Reactivating the Tropicana Field Site -- On the Threshold of St Petersburg’s History, Culture and Memory
.
St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Press, 2020.
(See Also:
"Community Voices: Where have all the mangoes gone?"
By Sarah Jane Vatelot, St. Pete Catalyst, August 2019,